- Update 2022
Another big trend is the rapid increase in machine-to-machine (M2M) connectivity and communication. This in turn raises the question – how do we apply copyright to content which is dynamically created by machines in a context where both people and machines both produce and consume content and information. It is not clear whether current business models are equipped to accommodate these new developments. In a situation where a human being aggregating content from various sources (in terms of say writing an online news article) will usually not breach copyright (effectively it creates new copyrighted content) – and yet a machine aggregating material from numerous sources and applying automated methods to produce an article could well be judged to be in contravention of copyright. This could have significant implications for open source and open access resources in terms of their future position vis-à-vis copyright and IPR regimes.